Аrkhangelsk Shipbuilding Cluster
The shipbuilding sector of the Arkhangelsk region is developing into a healthy and innovative territorial shipbuilding cluster. In 2012 the Arkhangelsk Cluster was included in the official register of innovative territorial clusters as approved by the order of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation № ДМ-П8-5060 dated August 28, 2012.
The Arkhangelsk Cluster’s accumulation of innovative shipbuilding potential makes this territory a powerful growth point not only for the Arkhangelsk region but for the whole Russian Federation. The major projects of the cluster are uniquely characterized by high added-value and includes two municipalities – the cities of Severodvinsk and Arkhangelsk.
The main goal for the cluster establishment is to increase competitiveness and strengthen economic potential of the Russian shipbuilding industry through efficient interaction between shipyards, research and development institutions and authorities for better access to innovations, technologies, know-how, customized services and highly-qualified personnel. The reduction of transaction costs will foster a strong platform for joint cooperation projects, facilitate efficient competitiveness and maintain the leading positions within nuclear shipbuilding sectors.
Shipbuilding cluster to be set up in Kaliningrad
A shipbuilding cluster will be set up in Kaliningrad before 2017 at the site of the Baltic shipbuilding plant Yantar. As the share of state defense orders will decrease by 2018-2020, the plant, whose capacities will grow two to four times, will shift its focus to civil shipbuilding. Construction of the first of two high-tech fishing vessels already ordered commenced during 2015. Yantar plans to build special-purpose vessels, such as hospital ships, ferries, service vessels for sea oil and gas production and others.
As part of a federal programme, the RF Ministry of Industry and Trade has allocated 15 billion rubles ($323 mln) for continuing large-scale work at the plant in order to further develop its production capacities, the director said.
The regional government plans to give grants to universities to train specialists for the shipbuilding industry.
Agreement on creation of Baltic shipbuilding cluster signed in Kaliningrad
On November 28, 2014, an agreement was signed for the creation of a Baltic region shipbuilding cluster, Baltic Shipyard “Yantar”. The agreement was signed within the framework of the conference “Shipbuilding A new approach to human capital assets” organized by Baltic Shipyard “Yantar” OJSC and held in Svetlogorsk. According to the source, the activities under the agreement will commence immediately after its signing. The project implies the creation of a competitive compact-yard allowing for cutting time needed for construction of commercial vessels by half, generation of new jobs, raising wages and improving operational efficiency.
Baltic Shipyard “Yantar” based in Kaliningrad, Russia was founded on July 8, 1945 on the basis of a Koenigsberg unit of German’s Schichau Werft. Throughout the years the Shipyard has built more than 500 merchant vessels. The Russian Government holds majority stake in the shipbuilding firm through Western Center of Shipbuilding, a subsidiary of state-owned United Shipbuilding Corporation.
St. Petersburg Shipbuilding Cluster
Historically, shipbuilding has been one of the leading industrial sectors in St. Petersburg’s economy. The city contains 43 shipbuilding enterprises which employ more than 50 thousand specialists. Shipbuilding products constitute more than a half of all products produced by the military-industrial complex in St. Petersburg.
Shipbuilding enterprises not only significantly contribute to the city’s economy but also provide employment for thousands of residents. Thus, taking into account all design, instrument engineering and machine-building enterprises engaged in production of marine equipment, the sector employs more than 50 thousand people.
St. Petersburg possesses unique potential for shipbuilding industry. 43 shipbuilding enterprises, including 23 industrial and 20 scientific enterprises, are located in the city. The production volume of products manufactured at the city’s shipbuilding enterprises accounts for 4% of St. Petersburg’s GRP, while the share in the manufacturing industries represents 18%. The volume of shipped shipbuilding products constituted 29.3 billion RUB in 2012.
90% of all scientific and projected potential of shipbuilding industry is concentrated in St. Petersburg. This fact facilitates introduction of innovation and development of new solutions not only at the production sites located in the city, but also in Kaliningrad, the North, Far East and Volga regions.
St. Petersburg shipbuilding enterprises provide more than 70% of all export of the Russian shipbuilding industry. The city’s enterprises account for up to 30% of all shipbuilding industry’s production volume in Russia.
Leningrad Region Shipbuilding Cluster
The Leningrad Region government will create a new program to develop the shipbuilding center during the restrictions imposed by the sanctions and in line with a survey by the Krylov State Research Centre.
The Krylov State Research Centre is a major world-class agency in ship design and manufacturing. Acting on orders from the regional government, the centre will assess the state and prospects for developing the regional shipbuilding centre before the year is out; and a development program will be created that is based on this, the regional government’s press service noted.
The sector’s dependence on imports calls for new approaches to development, the spokesperson added. The survey will assess and estimate the development of the shipbuilding and ship-repair market, demand for production assets and technologies, mid-term and long-term demand for the centre’s products and services, state-support measures for national shipbuilding and ship-repair companies and international experience in this area.
This year, the Leningrad Region asked the State Duma to charge zero VAT on shipbuilding subcontractors. This measure is expected to drastically boost the profitability of contracts being awarded by United Shipbuilding Company. The regional administration was also involved in charging lower interest rates on loans to the Vyborg Shipyard.
On 16 November, 2015 the regional government, shipbuilders and trade unions signed an agreement to regulate social-labour relations in the shipbuilding sector in 2015-2018. This will promote the sustained performance of the sector’s companies.
The document was signed by Dmitry Yalov, Deputy Head of the Leningrad Region Government and Chairman of the Economic Development and Investment Projects Committee; Alexander Alyoshkin, President of the Inter-Regional Departmental Non-Profit Association of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs ‘Association of Shipbuilders in St Petersburg and the Leningrad Region’; and Sergei Maximenko, Chairman of the National Trade Union of Employees of the Shipbuilding and Ship-Repair Sector and Marine Technology Operators. The agreement regulates remuneration and production-quota issues, work-safety measures and the professional development of human resources.
“We are always supporting the shipbuilding industry, a high-priority sector in the Leningrad Region’s economy. Shipbuilders, trade unions and state agencies are pledging to boost the efficiency of the shipbuilding companies and to raise the salaries of their employees,” Mr Yalov noted at the signing ceremony.
The regional shipbuilding centre includes such companies as the Vyborg Shipyard, the Pella Shipyard in the Kirovsky District of St Petersburg, the Nevsky Shipbuilding and Ship-Repair Plant in Schlusselburg, the Burevestnik and KRIZO Plants in Gatchina and the Ladoga Plant in Kirovsk.
Shipbuilding industry of Leningrad region is represented by shipyards, ship repair companies, ship instrument companies providing construction of vessels, floating structures and associated equipment for them, in this regard one can actually talk about the existence of shipbuilding cluster in Leningrad region.
The enterprises of this branch have great scientific, technical, innovative and productive potential able to influence the development of technology in related industries.
Today shipbuilding companies of Leningrad region manufacture equipment which provides:
In 2012 the volume of industrial output of the shipbuilders exceeded 17 billion rubles, and the number of employed in that industry came to more than 5.3 thousand people.The average salary in this branch significantly exceeds the average salary in the industry of Leningrad region.
Far East Shipbuilding Cluster
ESTABLISHMENT OF A SHIPBUILDING CLUSTER IN THE SOUTH OF PRIMORSKY KRAI
The Far Eastern Shipbuilding and Ship Repair Center plans to implement the Shipbuilding Cluster Development Program, with the Zvezda Shipbuilding Complex at its core, in order to further promote the shipbuilding industry and improve the efficiency of the continental shelf development in Russia’s Far East and Arctic regions.
The Far Eastern cluster will have in its territory the entire product cycle that will enable the creation of a platform to exchange specific knowledge and experiences in the shipbuilding industry, the development of a cohort of production and project competencies, the involvement with the international projects, and the attraction of more investments in the Russian Far East.
Stimulative clustering policy will support
Developing regional shipbuilding in the form of a business cluster will become a powerful tool for the industry to further penetrate a market characterized by a conservative approach to business development and a high level of capital, technology and knowledge intensiveness.